The cedar of Lebanon belongs to the family Pinaceae. Thousands of years ago extensive forests of this tree decked mountain slopes in the whole of the Near East. Today in its original zone there are only a few hundred. Originally from the eastern Mediterranean, it has been cultivated in Italy and the rest of Europe since the end of the 1700s in parks and gardens. The cedar of Lebanon is conical with horizontal tiers of lush leafage. It grows fast and reaches a height of 15 to 40 m with a breadth of 6 to 10 m for its canopy.